Topic Modeling based on Keywords and Context

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Schneider, J., & Vlachos, M. (2018). Topic Modeling based on Keywords and Context. Paper presented at the SIAM International Conference on Data Mining (SDM).


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Current topic models often suffer from discovering topics not matching human intuition, unnatural switching of topics within documents and high computational demands. We address these concerns by proposing a topic model and an inference algorithm based on automatically identifying characteristic keywords for topics. Keywords influence topic-assignments of nearby words. Our algorithm learns (key)word-topic scores and it self-regulates the number of topics. Inference is simple and easily parallelizable. Qualitative analysis yields comparable results to state-of-the-art models (eg. LDA), but with different strengths and weaknesses. Quantitative analysis using 9 datasets shows gains in terms of classification accuracy, PMI score, computational performance and consistency of topic assignments within documents, while most often using less topics.



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