4505147: Research- and Design-Methods in Architecture and Planning

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Semester:SS 18
Lektionen / Semester:40.0 L / 30.0 h
Selbststudium:120.0 h



Doktoratsstudium Architektur und Raumentwicklung (01.09.2010)


Doctoral students in Architecture and Planning require reflection of the epistemological and ontological foundations of their research projects; as well as experience in the use of qualitative research methods. The individually tutored, research-based investigative project will complement the module Research Design; it is tailored to the needs of the individual student and covers a selection of the following and other related topics:

  • Research design
  • Theoretical frameworks and epistemological approaches in architecture and planning
  • Qualitative research methods
  • Inquiry by design and action research
  • Interdisciplinary research strategies


The students will be able to

  • understand and be conversant in the ontological and epistemological foundations of their research work
  • differentiate between different research paradigms
  • design research projects according to their goals and research questions
  • select, reflect and apply suitable research methods
  • successfully present their methodology to a group of academics in form of a presentation and a paper



Participant centered learning approach consisting of inquiry into the literature, cases and best practices in a structured process of self-study, concluded by a presentation as well as a paper submission.

Voraussetzungen (inhaltlich)



Required readings:

Groat, L. and D. Wang (2002) Architectural research methods. New York: J. Wiley

Maxwell, J. A. (2005). Qualitative research design: an interactive approach. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage.

Further suggested readings:

Arnheim, R. (1969). Visual Thinking. Berkley, CA: University of California Press (especially chapters 1,2,3).

Borden, I., & Rüedi, K. (2014). The dissertation: a guide for architecture students (Third Edition). London: Routledge.

Burnett, R. (2004). How Images Think. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Chalmers, A. F. (1999). What is this thing called science?: an assessment of the nature and status of science and its methods. St. Lucia: University of Queensland Press.

Crary, J. (1990). Techniques of the Observer. Cambridge, MA: October Book/ MIT Press.

Cresswell, J. W. (2009). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Method Approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Eisenhardt, K. M. & Graebner, M. E. (2007). "Theory Building from Cases: Opportunities and Challenges." Academy of Management Journal 50(1): 25-32.

Farthing, S. M. (2016). Research design in urban planning: a student's guide. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

Lorenz, T. & Staub, P. (2011). Mediating Architecture. London: AA Publications.

Merleau-Ponty, M. (1958). Phenomenology of Perception. London: Routledge.

Sarvimäki, M. (2017). Case study strategies for architects and designers: integrative data research methods. New York: Routledge.


The students will be assessed in this module through:

  • Paper
  • Presentation


A personalised working-schedule and tutorial times for participants will be agreed in due time.


  • PAR-DS_Research- and Design-Methods in Architecture and Planning (SS 18, in Bewertung)