MIGAPE

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Type and Duration

EU H2020-Förderprojekt, October 2018 until September 2020

Coordinator

Center for Economics

Main Research

Wealth Management

Field of Research

Pension Finance

Description

On average, women receive a lower pension than men. This is known as the Gender Pension Gap. MIGAPE (2019-2021) is an international research project aiming at improving the understanding of the Gender Pension Gap. It adopts a multi-disciplinary approach using standard simulation of typical cases, dynamic microsimulation and social psychological research.
Research questions addressed:
- How do childcare and caring for older adults affect pension outcomes?
o Is the impact of childcare different than that of older adults' care?
o Which lessons can be learnt from other countries?
- How will the gender pension gap develop over the next 30 years?
o How will narrowing gender differences in employment rates and in wages during the last decades affect the future pension incomes?
- How to communicate effectively on issues related to pension income?
o How are women and men's expected pension benefits related to their expectations about their life circumstances after retirement and the relation with their labour market decisions?
o How can the framing of communication about the impact of labour market decisions on future pension outcomes affect a person's evaluations of these decisions?

Research design:
- Dynamic and static microsimulation to assess the impact of different life events on pension income
- Survey data to gain social psychological insights

Funding:
MIGAPE is co-funded by the Rights, Equality and Citizenship Programme of the European Union (2014-2020) via Grant Agreement no. 820798.
Further information: www.migape.eu

Project Results:

Practical Application

Within the framework of this European research project, detailed microsimulation models for different pension systems were developed and analyzed. In addition, the project investigated how effective communication about aspects of individual pension planning should be designed.
The findings from the project are relevant for economy because they show how different pension systems and components of pension systems work. In addition, the social psychological research approach provides insights into how effective and targeted communication of pension-related aspects can be successfully designed.
Stakeholder involvement was built into the project design from the outset. By actively involving a broad stakeholder group, Liechtenstein-specific research questions were developed and answered. Thus, this project has contributed to the transfer of knowledge between science and society.
The stakeholder group at EU level, consisting of the OECD, European Commission, DG EMPL, European Commission, DG JUST, AGE Platform and the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE) fostered the societal impact at the international level.
Academic validation of research content will take place via conference presentations and academic publications.

Reference to Liechtenstein

As part of the "MIGAPE" research project, a detailed simulation model was created for the Liechtenstein pension system (first and second pillar pension). This model was used to analyze for the first time the impact of career breaks, the care of children and dependents, unemployment and divorce on the pension income of Liechtenstein citizens.
The research process was designed to be open and numerous Liechtenstein stakeholders (government and official agencies, NGOs, foundations, political parties and associations) were involved in the research process and Liechtenstein-specific questions were developed and answered.

Publications

  • Dekkers, G., Van den Bosch, K., Barslund, M., Kirn, T., Baumann, N., Kump, N., Liégeois, P., Moreira, A., & Stropnik, N. (2022). How Do Gendered Labour Market Trends and the Pay Gap Translate into the Projected Gender Pension Gap? A Comparative Analysis of Five Countries with Low, Middle and High GPGs. Social Sciences, 11(7).

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  • Kirn, T. (2022). Exploring redistributive elements of the Swiss Pension system: An unconditional quantile treatment analysis. Presented at the 2022 Annual Congress of the Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics (SSES/SGVS), Universität Fribourg.

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  • Kirn, T., & Dekkers, G. (2022). Exploring redistributive elements of the Swiss Pension system: An unconditional quantile treatment analysis. Presented at the 3rd Workshop of the Swiss Network on Public Economics (SNoPE), KOF/ETH Zürich.

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  • Kirn, T., & Dekkers, G. (2022). Exploring redistributive elements of the Swiss Pension system: An unconditional quantile treatment analysis. Presented at the European Meeting of the International Microsimulation Association 2022, Institut für Abreitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg.

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  • Dekkers, G., Kirn, T., Barslund, M., van den Bosch, K., Kump, N., Liegeois, P., Moreira, A., Stropnik, N., & Vergnat, V. (2021). Gender Pension Gaps in Europe: future prospects and key drivers. Presented at the 8th World Congress of the International Microsimulation Association, online.

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  • Dekkers, G., Van den Bosch, K., Barslund, M., Kirn,Tanja, Kump,Nataša , Liégeoise, P., Moreira, A., Stropnik, N., Thierbach, K., & Vergnate, V. (2020). Impact on pension outcomes of life events: standard simulations from five European countries. Brussels: Center for European Policy Studies (CEPS).

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  • Kirn, T., & Thierbach, K. (2020). Project MIGAPE: Work Package 2: Results of the Standard Simulations for Liechtenstein, Deliverable D2.1/D2.2 of the MIGAPE project. Version 01/04/2020. ( No. 1): University of Liechtenstein.

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  • Dekkers, G., Van den Bosch, K., Barslund, M., Kirn, T., Kump, N., Liégeois, P., Moreira, A., Stropnik, N., Thierbach, K., & Vergnat, V. (2020). Impact on pension outcomes of life events: standard simulations from five European countries, Deliverable D2.1/D2.2 of the MIGAPE project. Version 01/04/2020..

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  • Kirn, T., & Dekkers, G. (2022). Exploring redistributive elements of the Swiss Pension system: An unconditional quantile treatment analysis. University of Liechtenstein.

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  • Kirn, T., & Dekkers, G. (2021). MIDAS_CH: A dynamic microsimulation of the Swiss Pension System. University of Liechtenstein.

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  • Dekkers,Gijs, Van den Bosch, K., Barslund, M., Kirn,Tanja, Kump,Nataša , Liégeoise, P., Moreira, A., Stropnik,Nada , Thierbach, K., & Vergnate, V. (2020). Mind the Gap in Pension Income - Presentation of the interim report. European Commission, Brussels.

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  • Kirn, T., & Thierbach, K. (2019, 14.11.2019). Erwerbsverläufe, Pensionen und Pensionslücken in Liechtenstein. 1. Stakeholder Meeting, Universität Liechtenstein.

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