Vitality Analysis in the Rhine Valley - The X-Minute City in the Context of low to medium settlement density

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Type and Duration

FFF-Förderprojekt, July 2023 until June 2026


Urban Design & Spatial Development

Main Research

Sustainable Planning and Construction


Liechtenstein has the highest level of motorisation in Europe after Andorra (Merki, 2022). On
the one hand, this can be attributed to factors such as prosperity, density, and identity. On the
other hand, the degree of motorisation depends on the distribution and diversity of everyday
amenities, i.e., vitality, in settlement areas. This vitality is partly the result of spatial planning
measures and is undergoing a fundamental change due to advancing digitalisation. The research
project aims to investigate the vitality of settlement areas and how they change, using the
Werdenberg-Liechtenstein agglomeration area as a case study, to identify thresholds for
unrestricted mobility choices and measures to influence these thresholds. It builds on the state
of research on the x-minute city and ties in with the discussion regarding the necessary shift
away from motorised individual transport in the sense of a city of short distances for sustainable
settlement development. The aim is to enable evidence-based approaches for the development
of integrative and sustainable planning concepts and strategies in the region.

Practical Application

Following the study, it should be possible to develop place-specific options with the acquired data basis and the evaluation model to improve the modal split and thus reduce emissions and resource consumption in a targeted manner. The cartographic visualisations of the Werdenberg-Liechtenstein agglomeration area provide statements about its vitality in terms of daily needs offerings. The exchange with the Office for Geoinformatics and the Building Construction Office serves as an interface to practice.

Reference to Liechtenstein

The goal of the systematic investigation and visualisation of the Werdenberg-Liechtenstein agglomeration area is to find innovative and sustainable answers to the challenges of global developments such as climate change, mobility, responsibility, and digitalisation for the country of Liechtenstein, in terms of the distribution and structure of offers for daily life. This is done through a GIS-based reassessment of vitality and identifying regional development potentials.


x-minute-city, vitality, Liechtenstein- Werdenberg, spatial development

Project Collaborator