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New Start - Spatial Planning in Liechtenstein

In 2017, the Zukunft.li Foundation decided to prepare a study on spatial development in Liechtenstein. Against the background of global developments and trends, the Institute for Architecture and Planning of the University of Liechtenstein was commissioned to reflect on the future challenges of spatial development in the Principality in a partial study and to develop visions of the future.

A total of 18 AR master students from the University of Liechtenstein from eleven different countries worked on this study in a design studio in the summer semester of 2018.

They examined the effects of social megatrends such as mobility, digitization, demographic change, climate change, and resources as well as social value changes on Liechtenstein's spatial development. In particular, the participants were interested in whether concepts and measures have already been formulated from a Liechtenstein perspective for this highly competitive, closely interwoven, cross-border economic and living space of the Alpine Rhine Valley. In addition, artistic-creative visions and scenarios of the future were developed by master architecture students in a design studio.

Recommendations for action

The question of "What to do next" with spatial planning in Liechtenstein shows that the Principality faces major challenges at various levels. Four different scenarios of possible developments for Liechtenstein - Dencity 113, Open.li, Liechten-Rhein and FL 100% - are to be understood as a starting point for a broad-based discussion on possible, desired and desirable qualities, dangers to be avoided and conflicts. Together with the analysis of best-practice examples, the results of the students formed the basis for the development of Liechtenstein-specific recommendations for action.

Liechtenstein is part of the highly competitive, cross-border economic area of the Lake Constance region. In order to react proactively as a country, Liechtenstein should enrich the discussion with its own, collectively supported ideas and visions of the future. The study concludes that this requires a low-threshold and effective public communication of the challenges and opportunities of future-oriented and sustainable spatial planning in Liechtenstein. The vision of the study: Liechtenstein as a space (planning) laboratory that uses its short political and administrative paths, its prosperity, and its geographical manageability to initiate innovative, holistic, and participatory spatial development.