Overcoming Automaticity Through Meditation

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Referenz

Maran, T. ., Woznica, M., Moder, S., Furtner, M., Jehle, E., Hörner, S., & Hugger, G. (2021). Overcoming Automaticity Through Meditation. Mindfulness, 12(12), 2896-2907. (ISI_2016: 3.015; ISI_2018: 3)

Publikationsart

Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Fachzeitschrift

Abstract

Objectives: Meditation practice has recently moved into applied research to improve cognitive functions. However, it is a multifaceted practice, with focused attention meditation relying on a sharp focus, and open monitoring meditation relying on a diffuse awareness. This study aims to assess the effects of differential alterations of cognition following distinct meditative training and focuses on practitioners’ tendency to fall victim to erroneous automaticity in responding when faced with cognitive conflict. Methods: Seventy-three individuals were randomly assigned to one of three intervention groups (internally focused attention meditation, externally focused attention meditation, open monitoring meditation) or a wait list control group. The meditation groups were trained over the course of 4 weeks and eight sessions. Changes in proneness to erroneous automatic responding were tested using two cognitive performance tasks that induce learned or instructed automaticity (Dot Pattern Expectancy paradigm, NEXT-paradigm). Results: Overall, meditation training generally improved overcoming learned automaticity (rs = .26–.36, ps = .002–.031) but not instructed automaticity compared to the control condition. Furthermore, data suggest open monitoring outperformed focused attention in overcoming learned automaticity in one task (rs = .31–.56, ps = .001–.009). Conclusions: Our results provide evidence for meditative training to facilitate practitioners’ ability to select the most appropriate course of action against overlearned habits in light of the peculiarities of their current situation. Open monitoring meditation is a particularly promising avenue for reducing one’s liability to erroneous habits.

Forschung

Achtsamkeit in Organisationen
FFF-Förderprojekt, Februar 2020 bis Januar 2022 (abgeschlossen)

Die Praxis der Achtsamkeit, d.h. der nicht wertenden Aufmerksamkeit für die Erfahrungen der Gegenwart, hat ihren Ursprung in der buddhistischen Tradition. Sie ist jedoch nicht nur ein spirituelles ... mehr

Mindfulness in Organizations
Dissertation, seit Februar 2020

Moderne Arbeitsplätze werden zunehmend komplexer, doch übermäßige Arbeitsanforderungen können zu Erschöpfung und Burnout führen. Im Gegenzug kann der Arbeitsplatz Ressourcen bereitstellen, die das ... mehr

Mitarbeiter

Einrichtungen

  • Institut für Entrepreneurship
  • Lehrstuhl für Entrepreneurship und Leadership

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12671-021-01749-8